Alle Beiträge von Peter Obran

The Ring

The Ring celebrets on 1. Mai its 150 birthday. The Boulevard dominates viennas center with the hugh buildings next to it and tis presents. Together with the Franz Josefs Kai the Ring describes a circle around the 1st district and belongs also to him. The Ring was initiated form Franz Josef I in fact it was a (Herzensangelegenheit) for him. He studied models and plans, invited 85 architekts to vienna. Tehophil Hannson (1813-1891) recived the (Zuschlag).

theophil.han Theophil Hanson

He learnd his profession in Berlin and worked in Athen before he came to vienna. The greek antic building had some influence on him which we can see in the parlaments building in vienna which Hannson had drafted.

If we start at the Opern Ring we can see of cours the opera building.  We follow the Ring on the left side beside the opera starts the Kärtnerstraße. The next building on the other side of the street the Ringstraßen Gallery starts with luxurious shops and a ***** hotel.  Two blocks further we have on the right side Schwarzenberg Platz.  The Cafe`Schwarzenberg lays on the Ring left side.  On the other side we see one of the world most famous hotels in the world the Imperial founded 1873.  If you cross street on that side we find  Fridays a classical american burger restaurant a nice place to watch football games in the evening and eat good burgers.  Here starts the Schubertring where we have some shops.  Next is the Parkring with the Stadtpark on the right side some hotels (marriot and SAS) on the left side. In the marriot there is champions a nice sportsbar with wonderful international sportsartefacts as decoration.   If we follow the Ring we arrive at the Wollzeile. At the End of this street is a square where we can find the fundament of one old tower which was part oft the town wall in the middleage. Aft that we com to the Stubenring where the MAK is located (museum of applied art).  At the end of the Stubenring we come to the Julius Raab Patz.  The Franz Josefs Kai leeds us from the Stubenring to the Schottenring.  Here we find Shops, Restaurants, the DDSG landing stage. On the Schottenring we find the stock Exchange, Hotels like the ***** Hotel de france and a french cinema.

The Schottentor was a part of the mediveal wall, now is named a U2 Station at the Ring after the gate. There is a big square.  Next to the Ring you find  the mainbuilding from the viennese university. Behind the university on the square you see the Votivkirche.  If you go ahead you see after a view meters the townhall at the right side build at the same time as the Ringstreet, at the oposite side you see the famous Burgtheater. The next big building you see also at the right side is the parlament. Directly next to the Burgtheater is the Volksgarten located a park where in the middle a greek temple is build. Beside the Park is The castle, where the austrian pesident has his residence. In a sidewing of the castle is the historical arts museum and the ethnology museum.  On the oposite side of the street is the nature museum.  Before we close the ring you come the Museumsquartier a Eventcenter with different locations museums and restaurants.

Old pictures from the ringstreet and buildings beside

800px-Bau_Staatsoper Building of the Opera

Schottenring_Wien_1875 Schottenring 1875

Wien_Parlament_um_1900 Parlament about 1900

Wien_Burgtheater_um_1900 Burgtheater about 1900

Arts and Food

The area around the Siebensterngasse which is called St. Ulrich is a place where old and new is melting.  Right after the Rings Street U2 Station Volkstheater at the left hand the Museumsquartier (eventcenter, museum and location) and at the right hand the Volksthater begins the area.  It is like to enter another time.  You follow the tram line 49 around the corner.  From there on you can check out the lovely small streets.

DSCN2877Museumsquartier

St. Ulrich exists since the middle age as so many places around vienna.  Dietrich the rich 1170 -1235, -master of the mint and  town magistrate in Vienna) endowed a chapel on the place where todays  Ulrichs Kirche stands.   As time passed people builded around the chapel there houses.  So came St. Ulrich into existence.

Today there are no more houses that were build in that time. Alone  in the St. Ulrichs Platz 4 are remains from a medieval house. They were self destroyed before the Ottomans came to give them no chance to hide.

Today there are baroque houses built in the 18. Century which shelters shops, international restaurants, bars and coffee bars.  People which like arts, antik things are at the right place and can enjoy the small shops.

220px-Kirche_Sankt_Ulrich_(Wien) Ulrichskirche

In St. Ulrichs center is the Ulrichs Kirche.  As bespoke located at the place where once the chapel was built.  The church were to times destroyed  before the ottomans arrived.  The todays church were build between 1721 and 1724 from the master builder Josef Reymund. The last extensions were finished until 1751 and the towers 1771.

Not far from the Church is on of the famous arts christmas market on the Spittelberg which visits many thousand people.  The streets conserved the historical surrounding, the lovely houses create in connection with all the lights  around wonderful atmosphere. In thewarm seasons there are wonderful place to sit outside and enjoy good food and the historicalsphere.

DSCN2855 Street on the  Spittelberg

This places in St. Ulrich and Spittelberg count to my favorite places in vienna. Here you find the special atmosphere which spends old and almost original places in connection with in a peaceful and calm surrounding.

the green city – a paradise for relaxing

Vienna is famous for music and the long history. You can walk for hours and hours around downtown watch buildings visit museums. But Vienna has also other sides – green sides.  Parks has a long tradition in Vienna.  To travel from the city to the countryside also. It was called „Sommerfrische“ it could be translated as „Summer resort“ but it meant more to make holidays on the country side. Very popular was the area Rax / Schneeberg in the southern part of Lower Austria about one hour from vienna.  Today people also like to visit that place. Vienna`s water is from that area.  But you haven`t to travel so far in Vienna has its own places for hiking and relaxing.  In fact under this viewpoint is vienna a wonderful place to live.

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Vienna has a huge green belt in the west which reach far into Lower Austria.  In Vienna h,e begin with the Lainzer Tiergarten. If you go by U4 until Hütteldorf (Endstation U4). It takes you about 15 minutes to the entrance. Tiergarten means zoo and it is in fact a zoo with wild living animals.  You can meet there for example wild pigs face to face. But you have to be quiet because the are a bit shy.  Mostly you can discover them from a longer distance.  The Lainzer is a large forest were used in the middle age from Lords for hunting.  Kaiser Franz  Josef gave the Lainzer Tiergarten Elisabeth (Sissy) for Relaxing. A wall was build around which still is standing.  A palace as well as stablings was build 1886 in for her. Today the palace is used as museum.

The house and the park are wonderful places. giant mammoth trees you can admire there like the are growing in California. On the way from the Entrance to the palace there are different kind of landscapes from forest to grassland. You find there also wonderful overlooks over vienna.

IMG_3714                                                    Way from Hohe Wand Wiese to Sievering

If you go from Hütteldorf in direction north you reach the „Hohe Wand  Wiese“(there is a ski-lift) from there you can hike to Sievering which taks you around three a half hours. On the way are places where you can stop for eat a bite. Sievering is a old place which is named in the middle age. There you can find houses build in the 18th century. It is a vineyard area like the famous Grinzing but there are not so overflow. From Sievering you can go to Kahlenberg (bus stop 38A) and Leopoldsberg (End station 38A) or down to Klosterneuburg.

IMG_1759 Leopoldsberg

There are different ways through the forest. If you go from Sievering (end station bus 39A) the hill up you come to the Sissy Kapelle a tiny Church.  From there you can go to „the Himmel“ there you can take a rest, trink coffee and eat something.  From there it is not so fare to Cobenzl (bus stop 38 A) there you find a restaurant In the winter its a nice place to luge. Also a nice place to rest is „die Schönstadt“(bus stop 38A).

Except the vienna forest there are also other possibilities to relax.

DSCN2177                                       Overview from Leopoldsberg, Danube Island and 22nd district on the left side

The danube island a 13 kilometer long island ideal for biking and inline-skating or to take a walk.  It it is hot there is a water playground  (near Subway station U1 Donauisel)  In the Summer (End of June) there takes place the „Donauinselfest“. It is a huge music open air festival. On the north side of the river (U1 Station Alte Donau) is the Donaupark. For kids is there a large playground. A part of the park is a  flower garden with many different kinds of roses and other flowers.  In the center of the park is the danube tower on its top is  a restaurant which turns around and allows the visitor a 360 degrees overlook over vienna.

IMG_4528 Danube Island

In the northeast is the national park „Lobau“ a large floodplain forest.  A good place for hiking next to the danube river.

IMG_8308 Lobau

Downtown next to the Hilton Hotel is the „Sadtpark“ a ideal place to take a rest if you do sightseeing in the 1st district.  Direct beside the Ring Street (Park Ring).  Through the  park flows the Wien Fluss.

The thermae Oberlaa is in the South (tram end station  67). Next to the bath is a nice spa garden.

The Vienna Prater is a famous fun park. (U1 and U2 Station Prater) Next to the fun park is a large Park in its center is the „Prater Allee“ a long Way ideal for running and biking or to take walk. In the middle is vienna`s largest stadium the „Ernst Happel Stadion“ named after the famous football player and trainer.

On the official homepage from vienna you can find way descriptions for hiking. http://www.wien.gv.at/english/leisure/hiking/paths.html

A journey into the roman empire

About two thousend  years ago a few houses were standing on the place where vienna is located is.  They  belonged to the celtic tribe of the Boier. Of course they was not surprise as they saw the romans arrive and start to built a camp. It was a simple wood earth camp. But it was just the beginning. The folks understood they will not go away. So they had to arrange with the romans. The german tribe on the other side of the danube the marcomanns did not submit and stood independent even if the romans tried to conquer them.  So if they did not fight with them they traded with them.

IMG_6698

IMG_6697

We don`t know how why the place were baptized vindobona. One possibility could be that the place belonged to a person named Vindo. Anyway the romans stood there where today is vienna`s first district and quickly the camp grown. A while after legionnaires arrived all kind of workers. Usually the came not alone, they brought also there families.  An other habit the romans had was to build streets and connect the new territories with the empire .

Around hundred years later the camp were build in stone and a small village arose where todays third district is located. At this time the roman empire was on the top of their power, Trajan ruled with strong hand. Under his rulership the Limes was starched.  In the  2nd century vindobona extended into the south into the liesing valley. Many country residences were built. Along the main roads the romans buried usally there dead people so gravestones was found along the main road to Carnuntum. Today we can see them in the Roman museum on the Hohen Markt and in the city museum which is located on the Karlsplatz beside the Karls church.  At the end of the century the Imperator Marc Aurel terried in vindobona during his legions  fought the german tribes on the northern side of the danube.

800px-Rekonstruktion_Legionslager_Vindobona

Reconstruction of the castle Vindobona

1. Principia (HQ),   2 House of the Paretors house ,  3. Hospital,                  4 Barracks,  5 Factory,  6 Baths,  7 Officers house;

Vindobona was a typical roman city with all technical  achievements like the water aqueducts.  In the center there was a forum and a market. Beside the castle was a quarter for the workman that supplied goods for the legions. Many Legionnaires that finished their military service stood in Vindobona. Many of them got married. So the celtic population got mixed with the romans so the city grown constant. Around the time of the ruler Septimus Severus Vindobona had its largest extent.  Severus who was chosen from the  Legions in Carnuntum to be the ruler of the empire. After a civil war he became in fact the Imperator. We can see that in that  time the Legions in the era  around Carnuntum and Vindobona had a great power.

640px-Vindobona_250-300.svg

At the place where the Castle was located (today at the 1st district) the later city vienna came into existence.  The center was todays Hoher Markt, in the roman times at the Hohen Markt were the Officers Houses. The Principia (Headquarter and religious center) were at the todays Tuchlauben.

In the  fourth and fifth Century the roman imperium declined. The population used the castle to find protection from the germans.  Over the dark centuries after the decline of the roman empire always a population lived in around Vindobona .  If the folks was in danger they retired them self into the castle.  The people in that times was brave.  The Situation in that period is comparable with the situation of the person Robert Redford plays in the movie „all is lost“ where he plays a person who was alone on ship on the indian ocean while his ship was damaged and sprung a leak.  He fought with all his power against his fate. He always kept on working and fighting also as it seams all is lost. That people did the same, they always kept on, no matter what happened, they never sopped.

The era was ruled by many different clans. In the 9th century the era got into the influence of the francs and the bavarians and at this time the later country Austria began slowly to take form.

 

 

Hallo!

Dear reader,

welcome to my blog. The german version exists since April 2014.

In my blog I want to connect the viennese history with sightseeingtips aside the well known places. The history is more than buildings. There are pepole